Palila restoration research, 1996-2012: summary and management implications

Author: Banko, Paul C.
Farmer, Chris
Title: Palila restoration research, 1996-2012: summary and management implications
Periodical: Hawaii Cooperative Studies Unit Technical Report
Year: 2014
Pages: 73
Subject: Palila
Loxioides bailleui
Endangered species birds
Restoration ecology
Summary: The Palila Restoration Project was initiated in 1996 by the U.S. Geological Survey to assist government agencies mitigate the effects of realigning Saddle Road (Highway 200) through Palila Critical Habitat. Ecological research on the palila (Loxioides bailleui), an endangered Hawaiian forest bird, carried out by the U.S. Geological Survey (formerly organized as the Research Division of U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service) since 1987 and research conducted by the Palila Restoration Project provided the scientific bases for developing a recovery strategy and its adaptive implementation. An element that was not included in the research program of the project was the ecology and management of introduced ungulates, which has historically constituted the single greatest threat to Palila Critical Habitat. The absence of ungulate studies should not be interpreted to mean that we believe ungulates no longer damage palila habitat. Other research has already established that removing alien browsers and grazers from Mauna Kea is essential for the recovery of the subalpine forest on which palila now depend. Moreover, the Federal District Court of Hawai‘i has ordered the State of Hawai‘i to remove browsing ungulates from Palila Critical Habitat. This final report summarizes results of Palila Restoration Project research from December 1996 to December 2012. Even though some results contained in this report have been published in scientific journals and other technical reports (Appendix I), they are included here to provide a comprehensive chronicle of all project activities.
Appendix: Appendix I. Publications, Presentations, and Fact Sheets (p.10). Appendix II. Project staff roster (p.20)
Date: September 2014
Database: Monographs

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